With leaves shaped like feathers and unique and characteristic aroma, our little wild daisy gains more and more space in the taste of the palate. For infusions, both the leaves of German chamomile (Matriacaria chamomilla) and Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) are used. Matriacaria is one of the few medicinal plants whose chemical constituents have been thoroughly evaluated pharmacologically, including in clinical trials. Its properties make chamomile a great ally with digestive disorders, headaches, cramps, reduce swellings, muscle relaxant, urinary inflammations, stress, irritability, nervousness and allergies of all kinds. For possessing substances that induce anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative and sedative effects. Recent studies show that chamomile can induce the death of cancer cells.
We have the presence of anti-inflammatory agents, flavonoids, which also act as antioxidants, azulene, matricin, Alpha-Bisabolol and benzopirone that have antioxidant and antibacterial actions. Thanks to apigenin, chamomile can help fight free radicals by preventing degenerative brain diseases, cancer and other complications. The plant also has vitamin A, a nutrient that contributes to good vision because it protects the cornea. All the properties present in chamomile are found in it thanks to the essential oils present in it, which are obtained through the infusions of the flower.
Flavonoids: They are polyphenolic molecules that contain 15 carbon atoms and are soluble in water. Consist of two benzene rings
connected by three-carbon branching. One of the carbons in this chain is connected to a carbon in one of the benzene rings, either through an oxygen bridge or directly, which gives a third middle ring. Many of these molecules, particularly anthoxanthins cause the yellow color of some petals. Flavonoids are abundant in plants, in which they perform several functions. In some plants, flavonoids are responsible for UV filtration, nitrogen fixation and as chemical agents. Even in plants with a high concentration of flavonoids, they have low toxicity and can be ingested in large quantities by animals, including humans. Its beneficial actions range from antioxidant, against viruses, anticancers, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects.
Benzopyrone: is an active substance that has antibiotic properties, bronchodilator, fungicide and anticoagulant. The anticoagulant property is related to truxerrutina, provides protective effect against edema and reduces complaints in people with chronic venous insufficiency. Indicated for varicose syndromes, hemorrhoids, leg ulcers; phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, periflebites, post-phlebitic syndromes; lymphatic stasis, lymphangites, lymphadenitis, lymphodemas; venous stasis, edemas, arteritis; prophylaxis of pre- and postoperative thrombosis and pregnancy; prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative and post-traumatic lymphatic edema and stasis, brachialgias, cervicalgias and low back pain.
Azulene/ Matricin: It has the molecular formula C10H8, it is an organic isomer compound. It most often has an intense and bright bluish coloration, and can also be found in some fungi, such as the exotic lactarius indigo mushroom, and marine invertebrates. Chemically, azulene belongs to the group of unsaturated bicyclic hydrocarbons. It is extracted from the essential oil of German chamomile (Matricaria recutita).
Alpha-Bisabolol: It has anti-inflammatory, healing and antiseptic properties, indicated in several types of hypoallergenic formulas and for people with sensitive skin. Alfa-Bisabolol Natural is suitable for all types of cosmetic formulations due to its stability and compatibility with the skin.
Apigenin: It is a Flavone with antioxidant effects.
Shaw, Non. Phytotherapy, practical guide. São Paulo, 1999.