Watercress, of scientific name Nasturtium officinale, is used a lot as food, in salads, all over the world. Also known by other terms such as watercress, watercress and river cardom, it is a plant native to Europe and grows along streams. It has a spicy taste, half-burned, and that makes some people dislike eating watercress. It can also be used for treating diseases.
Normally, watercress is used only in salads. But it has a great medicinal power, and should be used raw, because, when cooked, it loses its medicinal properties, such as: Expectorant action, astringent, decongestant, diuretic, exciting, stimulating, anti-inflammatory, digestive, healing, depurative, antithermal, tonic and fortifying.
Its medicinal properties are effective thanks to the chemical constituents present in watercress, such as:
Rich in vitamin C, watercress can provide much of the required amount per day of this vitamin with only 100 g. With this, watercress eliminates free radicals, because it is a powerful antioxidant, preventing cancer and premature aging of the skin in addition to strengthening immunity prevention of anemia. It can be used in the prevention of colds and flu, in the fight against candidiasis and other bacteria that can happen in the colon and intestine, treats bronchitis, cough, improves digestion,. A bowl of watercress salad contains about 50 mg of vitamin C.
Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant. It increases immunity and is great for eyes, skin, bones and teeth. Preventing osteoporosis. Improves skin by fighting acne and fighting eczema and scabies.
Among the main functions of vitamin B stand out: the aid in the oxidation of carbohydrates, the maintenance of muscle and nervous tone, the proper functioning of the digestive system, aid in motor coordination, prevention against pelagra, stimulation of appetite, in addition to maintaining tone and healthy skin. Vitamin K is important mainly for good blood clotting, thus avoiding bleeding.
In addition to the examples cited, alanine, arginine, beta-carotene, copper, iron, phosphate, glycine, histidine and its bitter and volatile sulfo-nitrogen essential oil are also found.
Watercress may be indicated for diseases such as uric acid, amenorrhea, anemia, diabetes, large intestine, cough, bronchitis, phlegm, rickets, uremia, lithiasis, kidney stones, measles, syphilis and many other indications.
Women in early pregnancy, if consumed in excess can cause abortion and contract typhus.